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Hormonal ACNE: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment options



Hormonal Acne: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment options

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By MyHealth MyPride

While there are several types of acne, hormonal acne is one of the most common and challenging to treat. Hormonal acne occurs when hormone fluctuations trigger the skin’s sebaceous glands to produce excess oil, leading to clogged pores and breakouts. 

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It’s most prevalent during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause. Hormonal imbalances caused by stress, medication, or medical conditions can also lead to hormonal acne. 

In this blog post, we’ll explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for hormonal acne, so you can better understand this frustrating condition and find effective ways to manage it.

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CAUSES OF HORMONAL ACNE

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Hormonal acne is primarily caused by fluctuations in hormone levels. These fluctuations can occur during puberty, pregnancy, menstrual cycles, and menopause. Hormonal imbalances can also be triggered by stress, medication, or medical conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

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Testosterone, a male hormone that’s also found in women, stimulates the sebaceous glands in the skin to produce oil. When there’s an excess of oil, the pores become clogged, leading to acne. Estrogen, on the other hand, helps regulate the production of oil and keeps the skin hydrated. When estrogen levels drop, the skin can become dry and more prone to breakouts.

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SYMPTOMS OF HORMONAL ACNE

Hormonal acne typically appears on the lower face, jawline, and chin. It’s characterized by deep, painful pimples that don’t come to a head, as well as blackheads and whiteheads. Hormonal acne can also cause inflammation, redness, and scarring.

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TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR HORMONAL ACNE

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There are several treatment options available for hormonal acne, including topical treatments, oral medications, and lifestyle changes.

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  • Topical treatments, such as benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid, can help unclog pores and reduce inflammation. Retinoids, which are derived from vitamin A, can also be effective in treating hormonal acne by regulating oil production and promoting cell turnover.

  • Oral medications, such as antibiotics and birth control pills, can also be effective in treating hormonal acne. Antibiotics work by reducing inflammation and killing bacteria, while birth control pills help regulate hormone levels and reduce oil production.

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  • Lifestyle changes can also help manage hormonal acne. Eating a balanced diet that’s low in sugar and processed foods can help reduce inflammation and regulate hormone levels. Stress management techniques, such as yoga and meditation, can also be helpful in reducing hormonal imbalances.

More on this:

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1. The Definite Guide to Managing Acne

2. The Link between DIET and ACNE: What to eat and what to Avoid

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In conclusion, hormonal acne is a common skin condition that can be caused by fluctuations in hormone levels. It typically appears on the lower face, jawline, and chin, and is characterized by deep, painful pimples. Treatment options include topical treatments, oral medications, and lifestyle changes. If you’re struggling with hormonal acne, it’s important to speak with a dermatologist to determine the best course of treatment for your individual needs.

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